Finland’s education system is always in the top ten in international ratings and is considered one of the best in the world. The authorities have decided to make changes in their already excellent school system.
Finnish officials have decided to remove school subjects from the curriculum. There will no longer be any classes in physics, math, literature, history, or geography.
The Department of Education Head in Helsinki, Marjo Kyllonen, explained the changes:
“There are schools that are teaching in the old-fashioned way which was of benefit in the beginning of the 1900s — but the needs are not the same, and we need something fit for the 21st century.”
There will no longer be individual subjects, students will study events and phenomena in an interdisciplinary format. For example, the Second World War will be examined from the perspective of history, geography, and math. And the course ”Working in a Cafe,” students will absorb a whole body of knowledge about the English language, economics, and communication skills.
This system will be introduced for senior students, beginning at the age of 16 with the general idea that the students ought to choose for themselves which topic they want to study. This way, no student will have to pass through an entire course on physics or chemistry while all the time thinking to themselves “What do I need to know this for?”
The traditional format of teacher-pupil communication is going to change as well. Students will no longer sit behind school desks and wait to be called upon. Instead, they will work together in small groups to discuss problems.
The Finnish education system encourages collective work. The school reform will affect teachers as well. It will require a great deal of cooperation between teachers of different subjects. Around 70% of teachers in Helsinki have already undertaken preparatory, and, as a result, they’ll get a pay increase.
The changes are expected to be implemented and completed by 2020.
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